Nova Scotia may start reporting on drug overdose deaths
Public health officials in Nova Scotia are taking a closer look at what drugs are killing people as the Maritime provinces brace for a fentanyl crisis that has left hundreds of people dead across the country.
While fentanyl hasn’t reached epidemic levels in the Maritimes, it has appeared in at least 32 autopsies across the region since 2008.
Dr. Robert Strang, the province’s chief public health officer, is approaching fentanyl as he would any other outbreak of disease on the horizon.
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“What we’re bracing for is this potential wave of high potency opioids, many of which are just mixed in with other drugs,” Strang said.
“So people don’t even know what they’re taking, resulting in large numbers of overdoses.”
‘People don’t even know what they’re taking, resulting in large numbers of overdoses.’ – Dr. Robert Strang, N.S. chief public health officer
If an outbreak happens, Strang said the province may start publicly reporting on the number of overdose deaths. That would help first responders and the public know what kind of drugs are on the streets.
Until now, it’s been difficult to know how many Maritimers are dying from drugs and what they’re taking.
CBC News has spent several months trying to build a picture of overdose deaths in the region.
But none of the Maritime provinces publicize data on drug overdoses.
The data CBC News was able to get upon request is outdated by months, or in some cases, years.
Experts say that’s too little, too late.
“This is such a contrast to the way we monitor for other important, albeit less prevalent, forms of disease, like influenza and measles,” said Michael Parkinson, who works to prevent drug overdoses in Ontario with the Waterloo Region Crime Prevention Council.
An unknown toll
Public health agencies should be tracking the deaths and publishing numbers online across the country, Parkinson said. He believes it could help save lives.
Like Strang, he suspects the wave of bootleg fentanyl will head east and those interventions may be needed.
RCMP in Nova Scotia recently got training on how to deal with the drug, while New Brunswick RCMP have reported seeing bootleg fentanyl hidden in counterfeit OxyContin pills.
Commissioner Bob Paulson released a national warning about fentanyl on Tuesday, promising to distribute Naloxone, an opioid overdose antidote, to officers across the country.
‘It would be smart and healthy to get ahead of the crisis before it really hits.’ – Bob Paulson, RCMP commissioner
“I think it’s important to remember that this is a new class of drugs that are extremely toxic and have real implications for first responders, for hospital emergency rooms and for the kind of interventions that are appropriate,” Parkinson said.
“It would be smart and healthy to get ahead of the crisis before it really hits.”
CBC News has built a database of drug overdoses dating back to 2008. It will be updated as medical examiner’s offices provide new data.
An analysis of the database shows nearly 800 people have died from drugs during that time.
More than 70 per cent of those people took at least one opioid such as OxyContin or fentanyl.
Opioids are the most popular class of drug to appear on the database, surpassing street drugs like cocaine and ecstasy and other prescription pills like benzodiazepines and anti-depressants.
Much of the information is already out of date. New Brunswick could only provide drug overdose data for part of 2015 and nothing for 2016.
In Prince Edward Island, the coroner had to examine every paper file to say how many people died from drugs. The data is two years old.
Nova Scotia could provide some information for 2016, but it is already months behind.
No one tracking national overdoses
The problem isn’t unique to the Maritimes.
Only British Columbia is tracking overdose deaths in almost real time.
That’s because hundreds of people have died from overdoses in B.C. this year, prompting the government to declare a public health emergency.
It means doctors are required to report fatal overdoses to authorities, so first responders have a better sense of what they’re up against.
That would be a welcome shift for Debby Warren, the executive director of AIDS Moncton.
Her organization sees hundreds of drug users looking for crack kits and clean needles every year.
‘Public health has structures in place for tracking communicable diseases already. Let’s start looking at the drug overdoses.’ – Debby Warren, AIDS Moncton
Even though she’s on the front lines of addiction, she didn’t have access to the number of people dying from overdoses until she got the list from CBC News.
“It’s a disease,” Warren said.
“Public health has structures in place for tracking communicable diseases already. Let’s start looking at the drug overdoses.”
Two years ago, Julien Gould and his friend were found dead in a Moncton apartment after trying fentanyl. They are two of at least eight people to die with fentanyl in their systems in the Moncton area.
But Warren didn’t have access to those numbers either.
The deaths of Gould and his friend should have been red flags, she said.
“How often has it happened around our province? Is there a pattern? That would have been probably a first step, is to say is there a pattern? And what can we do to address that issue?”